Methyl Salicylate (Gandhpura Oil - Gaultheria fragrantissima)
Methyl Salicylate is a Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID) which hydrolysed to Salicylic acid (like Aspirin). Its mechanism of action is due to inhibitory effect on prostaglandin biosynthesis. It is also considered to have a counter-irritant or rubefacient effect.
Menthol (Mentha Piperata)
Menthol acts as a penetration enhancer increasing the porosity of the skin towards NSAIDs. It is also a counter-irritant and improves circulation in peripheral blood vessels, thus reducing inflammation and swelling.
Camphor (Kapoor - Cinnamomum camphora)
Camphor is readily absorbed through the skin and produces a feeling of cooling similar to that of menthol, and acts as a mild local anesthetic and antimicrobial substance.
Eucalyptus Oil (Nilgiri Oil - Eucalyptus globulus)
Eucalyptus oil is renowned for long term relief in muscular aches and pains, rheumatoid arthritis, sprains and poor circulation. It has a curative action as opposed to only masking the pain.
Clove Oil (Laung Oil - Syzygium aromaticum)
Clove oil has a local anaesthetic effect and temporarily numbs and relieves the pain. It is prescribed as a natural alternative to Lidocaine – a common topical anaesthetic.